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American Goverment-Concept

The Rise of Illiberal Democracy contained Zararia's ideas and reasoning on how to build a government. Zararia new right from the start that in order to form a government to control the people, those people had to first allow other people to control them so basically, this new government is formed on trust and values. The problem at hand is to basically getting this process going and electing officials who were not going to take away a person's rights but protect them. Another problem was to get government officials to stay within their limits of power once the government is formed. Zararia new a system of checks and balances must be put in place. There are many different types of governments mention by Zararia. The first thing he did was define democracy because not everyone knew the correct definition. Democracy is when the people vote and whatever the largest vote is or majority, that is the decision the country makes. These votes are done under free and fair elections. There are many forms of government; most countries start out as an Illiberal Autocracy, self elected and does not protect rights, then go to Liberal Autocracy, self elected and protects rights, then final becomes a Liberal Democracy. There is also a form of government called illiberal democracy.

This type of government is not free and fair and ranges from modest governments like Argentina to near-tyrannies like Bangladesh. Anyone being controlled under this government defiantly has a bone to pick with the government. As of human nature, everyone wants to be free and give their opinion on the matter. Since an illiberal government prevents them from doing this, anger and aggression builds up over time and violence occurs. In studies done on these countries, there has been a remarkable link between per capital income or to whether a country falls under a dictatorship. Studies have found that if the average person makes less than $6000 a year then they usually falls to a dictator. So basically if a person's primordial instincts cannot be satisfied then violence will most defiantly occur. Genocide is occurring quiet often under heavily trouble countries, who better to blame all a countries problems on than the minority. They have no physical or politically power. For example, look at Hitler and the Jews.

In today's world, it is mainly the third-world countries that fell under a dictatorship. Now most beginning points for governments start out at Illiberal Autocracy.
This type of government is self elected and does not protect rights. For example, Russia is an Illiberal Autocracy.

Once a country is an Illiberal Autocracy, the next step onto the road to Liberal Democracy is a Liberal Autocracy. A Liberal Autocracy is self elected and protects the citizen's rights. An example of this type of government can be seen in South-East Asia. Now that a country has gained some rights, its next step, usually citizens encourage this change, is Liberal Democracy. A Liberal Democracy is a government that has free and fair elections; actions cannot be taken unless ruled by the majority, done by voting, and bundles of freedoms. This is a country that has no restrictions on what a person can do or say except for the protection of others. For example, United States of America is a Liberal Democracy so, a citizens in the U.S.A. can go to the president's face and scream at the top of their lungs, "I am going to kill you!," and they will be arrested for the protection of others but, after a thorough investigation is done and no threats are found, that person is set free.

Unlike today, back in the mid to late 1900s, the white man ruled the country and constitutional liberalism heavily existed. The white man controlled where all the money went and where it did not. Back when blacks and whites had separate eating areas, schools, and water fountains. There was a clear difference between the quality of the places between blacks and whites. Almost everyone hated the fact that women and non-white men were treated with disrespect. This hatred toward the white men's disregard for others pushed the civil rights movement into full force.

The civil rights movement consisted of mainly African Americans who led a primary effort to create civil rights and women pushing for their rights such as the right to vote, Women's Suffrage. Many events occurred during this movement some of which are the Montgomery Bus Boycott, Sit-Ins, and Freedom rides.

In the Montgomery Bus Boycott, official started December 1, 1955, the bus system ruled that blacks had to sit in the back, stand if there was no room, and they always had to give their seat of to a white person. Once this movement started, it was quiet clear that the blacks were fed up with the bus's racist system. The black community did not officially start till Rosa Parks, romanticized personage in the Montgomery community, was arrest for refusing to give up her seat to a white person. The incident was basically this; it is illegal for blacks and whites to sit in the same row. A white person came on the bus, saw that the first few rows where taken and went to sit in the same row that Rosa Parks sat in. She did not get up so, she got arrested. Rosa Parks was a well educated individual who attended Alabama State College.

Sit-Ins were another civil rights movement event. Joseph McNeil, Ezell Blair, Franklin McCain, and David Richmond were all college students. On February 1, 1960 they sat in the stores to be served. By the end of the store closing, the store still did not serve them. The kids came back with a larger group of kids and so on. This movement carried throughout all of the southern and northern states. At these Sit-Ins, the black would follow certain rules to avoid legal trouble. For example, be friendly, do not talk to anyone, and do not block entrances.

Later they started Freedom Rides on May 4, 1961. The freedom rides began in Washington D.C. on May 4 and expected to reach New Orleans on May 17. In the South areas, these rides met with little resistance but once they reached the northern areas on May 14 they group decided to break into two groups. One group was attacked by two hundred furious citizens. The bus barely made it out but, was later fire bombed six miles outside of town when they were changing the tires. The other bus did not do much better. The attack on the bus was planned and the police new about it. Later the rides continued by a group of Nashville sit-in students. The freedom rides continued throughout the summer and forced the Kennedy administration to take a stand on civil rights.

Now some key events that lead to women's suffrage were Susan B. Anthony and women's rights conventions. Susan B. Anthony was very annoyed when she noticed the sexism between the pay check difference between a male and a female. She demanded to be paid the same amount as a male teacher. This event eventually grew in popularity and made it to the local news paper which then caused women's rights conventions to occur. The first convention occurred in 1851 when Sojourner Truth demanded rights for all women at Arkon, Ohio. Then another one occurred in 1855 Lucy Stone and Henry Blackwell, Stone renounced she would keep her last name.

The constitution was later changed to protect minorities from racist. The equal protection clauses were made to declare that all colors are equal. Affirmative action was also taken to prevent minority groups from being suppressed from having equal opportunities as others.

The fact that all of these civil wars were starting is because the United States was not protecting citizens rights. The rights that stop war are necessary for the country to run smoothly. If a country does not have these basic rights, battles all of the country will occur. The rights that protect citizens are the first ten amendments in our constitution also called the Bill of Rights. This writer believes that Iraq should follow the U.S. bill of rights. The main rights that Iraq should protect are freedom of speech, religion, and press. These rights are the most crucial ones because they allow a citizen to express them self without risk of endangering themselves. Other important rights are right to bear arm, allows them to protect themselves, right to not be forced to quarter soldiers, quartering soldiers is an enormous problem, right to not self incriminate, right to a speedy trial, the right to a speedy trial is basically where the government cannot put someone's trial off later and later, right to a trial by jury, prevents a tyrant decision to be placed upon a person, right to not have excess bails, fines, or punishment, the right to not have excessive bail, punishments, or fines prevents hatred by others to not affect someone's trial.

All of these rights above are the founding rights this country holds today. These rights are completely necessary to protect all citizens from losing any rights to another citizen or group of citizens. All of these rights are crucial for the equality of all citizens. If Iraq prevents these rights from being taken away by other people, then the chance for civil war will greatly decrease.

Zararia had a clear understanding of what he was talking about. His ideas solved government problems, helped the civil rights movement, and prevented civil wars from occurring in the future.

Works Cited

"Civil Rights Movement 1955-1965: The Montgomery Bus Boycott." Web. 18 Mar. 2010.

"Civil Rights Movement 1955-1965: Sit-Ins." Web. 18 Mar. 2010.

"Civil Rights Movement 1955-1965: Freedom Rides." Web. 18 Mar. 2010.

Ginsberg, Benjamin, Theodore J. Lowi, and Margaret Weir. We the People: an Introduction to American Politics. New York: W.W. Norton, 2005. Print.

"Illiberal Democracy." Net Wars. Web. 18 May 2010.

"Genocide of Natives in the Western Hemisphere, Starting 1492 CE." by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. Web. 18 May 2010.

Lewis, Jone Johnson. "Women's Suffrage Time Line." Women's History - Comprehensive Women's History Research Guide. Web. 18 May 2010.

"Civil Rights and Public Policy." Pearson Education. Pearson Education. Web. 18 May 2010.

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